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Pedagogy in Spoken Tutorials

Definition of Pedagogy (according to the Wiktionary)


  • The method of teaching
  • The activities of educating, teaching or instructing
  • In simple words, Pedagogy is the art of teaching
  • It generally refers to strategies of instruction or a style of instruction

In simple words, it means to break the topic into smaller parts and to arrange them from simple to complex.
(Refer to the Appendix for more details on the suggested pedagogical approaches)

All of us are potential teachers as well as learners

  • Most of us learn better by doing
  • We ourselves learn particularly well by creating something for others to view/use
  • The process of constructing something for others to see is a very powerful learning experience
 Learning is best when we are expressing and presenting projects, assignments, constructions, etc...
for others to view/use. In this situation, our personal “stakes” are a lot higher, and a lot
of self-checking and review takes place that increases our personal learning

About Online Learning Material

  • Much of the online learning information is still just present as static information
  • This gives students little opportunity to practice the activities they are learning about
  • We learn a lot by just observing the activity of our peers. Basically this is about “classroom culture”, or learning by osmosis. Humans are good at watching each other and learning what to do in a given situation through cues from others.
 For example, 
 - If you walk into a classroom where everyone is sitting in seats, facing the front, listening
quietly to the teacher at the front and taking notes, then that's what you are most likely going
to do too
 - If you are in a less rigid class where people are asking questions all the time, then it's likely
you'll also feel free to do the same. By doing so you'll be learning about the subject from the
teacher as well as from overhearing the discussions of your peers and the kinds of questions that
get asked, leading to a richer multi-dimensional learning experience

About Spoken Tutorials

  • Spoken Tutorial is designed to be a self-study learning object
  • Spoken Tutorials helps you to give the learners tailored solutions and practical know-how
  • Advice from a mentor or friend can provide a better and customised learning experience than with someone who doesn't know you and is speaking to a hundred people (lecture/classroom)
  • Through Spoken Tutorials, one can teach a large audience
  • One can teach the same concept to different difficulty level learners: Beginner - Intermediate - Advanced
  • While creating Spoken Tutorials, we need to be particularly mindful about the target audience because we have not met these people in person
  • By understanding the contexts of others (learning need, background, etc...), we can teach in a more transformational way (constructivism)

If we understand the background of the people we are speaking to then we can customise our language and our expression of concepts in ways that are best suited to the audience. You can choose metaphors that you know the audience will relate to. You can use jargon where it helps or avoid jargon when it gets in the way

  • A Spoken Tutorial learning environment needs to be flexible and adaptable, so that it can quickly respond to the needs of the learners
  • Through the discussion forums, if you discover that your participants know a lot less than you'd expected when you first designed the Study Plan, you could readjust the tutorials and easily add new activities to help everyone catch up
  • If some great ideas for a simulation or something may have come up during discussions, then you will be able to add those later in the Study Plan
  • Time-wise, the learners may be spread over different timezones or maybe they live in the same timezone but have different free time, so you will be able to offer asynchronous activities that learners can work on but at different times

Social Constructionism

Extracts from SIGDIAL 2009

What is Reinforcement learning?

Reinforcement learning (RL) is learning by interacting with an environment. An RL helps to learn from the consequences of its actions, rather than from being explicitly taught and it selects its actions on the basis of its past experiences (exploitation) and also by new choices (exploration), which is essentially trial and error learning.

How we can incorporate reinforcement learning in Spoken tutorial?

The spoken tutorial can be made in such a way that it motivates the learner to work in the environment simultaneously along with the tutorial. The environment will depend on the software the tutorial is dealing with. This kind of motivation can be developed by the speaker. He/she can make periodical prompts asking the learner to open the software and work simultaneously. There are many advantage of reinforcement learning for the learners. The learners can have a trial of the operation on their own software and if they have any problem they can rewind the tutorial and troubleshoot. This can also help in better understanding of the tutorial.

What is a Spoken Tutorial

How to write a Script for a Spoken Tutorial

Guidelines for Narrating a Spoken Tutorial

Guidelines for Screencasting a Spoken Tutorial

Click here for more information on SPOKEN TUTORIALS

This page has been created by Nancy Varkey on 13th May, 2010

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